Rodents & Other Pests


Alberta Rat Control Program

Being a municipality that is adjacent to the Saskatchewan border, the Municipal District of Bonnyville participates in the Alberta Rat Control Program that is intended to prevent the introduction and establishment of Norway Rats and rabies disease.

Want to learn more about rats?

Rat Control

Farm inspections are carried out at all farm sites and acreages within the first range adjacent to the Saskatchewan border to detect and control any rat infestations that may occur as rats attempt to cross over into Alberta. Bait is provided to residents living in this area to assist in preventing the establishment of rats on their property.

Richardson’s Ground Squirrels and Northern Pocket Gopher

The M.D. rents out mole and small animal traps. Phone the office at 780-826-3951 for more info or to rent a trap. 

There are several control options available to M.D. residents for the control of Richardson ground squirrels (Gophers). 

Cultural Control - Reduce preferred gopher habitat by leaving vegetation long and do not overgraze pastures. Deep tillage can destroy their old burrow systems. Build nesting boxes, raptor platforms, perches, and other wildlife habitat to encourage natural predation. 

Chemical ControlThe use of 2% Liquid Strychnine has been phased out due to Health Canada cancelling the registration and is now illegal to possess or use this as a control option. Two other products can be purchased through your local agriculture retailer. 

  • Zinc Phosphide:  is an acute rodenticide, meaning it is fast acting and the target pest only needs to consume a small amount for a lethal dose.
  • Rozol or Ground Force: is a multi-feed bait that must be baited every couple of days to ensure the target pest consumes enough product for a lethal dose.

Monitoring the site is important to prevent off-targets poisoning when determining the best control methods for your operation. 

Timing is key to efficient control. Control should be initiated when the males first emerge above ground (April & May) and before the females go underground to have their litter. 

For more information on managing Richardson’s Ground Squirrels, click here.


The M.D. of Bonnyville has rental magpie traps. Phone the office at 780-826-3951 for more info or to rent a trap. Click here for more information on Magpies.


The M.D. has live traps. Phone the office at 780-826-3951 for more info or to rent a trap. For information on how to control porcupine damage, click here.


The M.D. of Bonnyville has rental skunk traps. Phone the office at 780-826-3951 for more info or to rent a trap. To learn more about the biology of skunks and how to control them, click here.

Click here for information on how to set a skunk trap. Baits that can be used are dog/cat food, canned sardines, eggs, canned tuna, crisp bacon, chicken entails, fresh insect larvae, marshmallows, and bread with peanut butter.  

Watch this video of how to set the live trap and how to release the skunk.